Both servers and workstations are high-performance computers, but relatively speaking, servers focus on data throughput, so they support more peripherals (hard disks, I/O slots, etc.); workstations focus on graphics processing capabilities, so peripherals It is relatively less, but it adopts a framework specially designed for graphics processing, adopts a high-end graphics card, and supports 3D image processing. Workstations are mainly used in various design and multimedia production fields.
Workstations are usually equipped with high-resolution large-screen displays and large internal and external memory, and have strong information processing capabilities, high-performance graphics, image processing capabilities, and networking capabilities. According to the different software and hardware platforms, it is generally divided into UNIX system workstations based on RISC (reduced instruction system) architecture and PC workstations based on Windows and Intel. A UNIX workstation is a high-performance professional workstation with a powerful processor (previously mostly RISC chips) and optimized memory, I/O (input/output), and graphics subsystems, using proprietary processors (Alpha, Hardware systems such as MIPS, Power, etc.), memory, and graphics, proprietary UNIX operating systems, and application software for specific hardware platforms are incompatible with each other.
PC workstations are based on high-performance X86 processors, use stable operating systems such as Windows NT, Windows2000, WINDOWS XP, etc., adopt graphics systems that conform to professional graphics standards (OpenGL), plus high-performance storage, I/O O (input/output), network and other subsystems to meet the requirements of professional software operation; workstations with NT, WIN2000, XP as the architecture use a standard and open system platform, which can reduce the cost of ownership to the greatest extent.
In addition, according to the size and portability, workstations can also be divided into desktop workstations and mobile workstations. Desktop workstations are similar to ordinary desktop computers. They are larger in size and lack portability, but have strong performance and are suitable for professional users. A mobile workstation is actually a high-performance notebook computer, but its hardware configuration and overall performance are one level higher than that of ordinary notebook computers.
The server can provide various services for workstations and PCs, including network communication services, file sharing services, hardware sharing services and various resource services. While obtaining various resources of the server, the workstation can also help the server to offload tasks such as computing. In terms of supporting operating systems, servers and workstations also have a big gap. The workstation mainly supports the non-Server version system, while the server only uses the Server version system. The operating systems supported by some servers are listed below.
UNIX: Openserver, Unixware, Aixunix, etc.;
Linux: Redhat, Xterm, etc.;
Windows: NT Server, 2008 server, etc.
A database is generally installed on the server to operate the data of the server. There are generally two modes: CS (client-server) and BS (browser-server). Like our Internet access generally belongs to BS, and some places use CS structure, both structures have their own advantages.
Yoti (Shenzhen) Computer Technology Co., Ltd. is a high-tech enterprise integrating R&D, production, sales and service of industry-specific server products