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The difference between server and workstation

Both servers and workstations are high-performance computers, but relatively speaking, servers focus on data throughput, so they support more peripherals (hard disks, I/O slots, etc.); workstations focus on graphics processing capabilities, so peripherals It is relatively less, but it adopts a framework specially designed for graphics processing, adopts a high-end graphics card, and supports 3D image processing. Workstations are mainly used in various design and multimedia production fields. Workstations are usually equipped with high-resolution large-screen displays and large internal and external memory, and have strong information processing capabilities, high-performance graphics, image processing capabilities, and networking capabilities. According to the different software and hardware platforms, it is generally divided into UNIX system workstations based on RISC (reduced instruction system) architecture and PC workstations based on Windows and Intel. A UNIX workstation is a high-performance professional workstation with a powerful processor (previously mostly RISC chips) and optimized memory, I/O (input/output), and graphics subsystems, using proprietary processors (Alpha, Hardware systems such as MIPS, Power, etc.), memory, and graphics, proprietary UNIX operating systems, and application software for specific hardware platforms are incompatible with each other. PC workstations are based on high-performance X86 processors, use stable operating systems such as Windows NT, Windows2000, WINDOWS XP, etc., adopt graphics systems that conform to professional graphics standards (OpenGL), plus high-performance storage, I/O O (input/output), network and other subsystems to meet the requirements of professional software operation; workstations with NT, WIN2000, XP as the architecture use a standard and open system platform, which can reduce the cost of ownership to the greatest extent. In addition, according to the size and portability, workstations can also be divided into desktop workstations and mobile workstations. Desktop workstations are similar to ordinary desktop computers. They are larger in size and lack portability, but have strong performance and are suitable for professional users.

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Xeon E5 single-path server
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What are cloud servers and physical servers? what is the difference between the two

What is a physical server? A traditional physical server lease is a physical computer dedicated to a single client (called a tenant). With this type of single-tenant server, tenants can customize the performance, security, and configuration of the server without sharing resources with other tenants. All of the server’s resources, including network resources, are dedicated to a single tenant. Physical servers can be virtualized using software called hypervisors, which can freely divide the server into multiple VPSs (virtual servers), each for different parallel services. Implement a virtualization layer on top of the host server to manage the virtual servers on the host. A hypervisor provides a similar high level of security and performance, while also providing the benefits of a virtualization solution. What is a cloud server? Cloud server is an elastic computing service built by integrating a large-scale physical server cluster into a cloud virtual resource pool through distributed architecture, virtualization and other technical means, and then scheduling virtualized vCPU, memory, storage and network according to requirements. . This architectural model maximizes the use of the hardware and performance of the physical server, thereby allocating the high cost to a large number of cloud server users. Common cloud servers, typically used for smaller workloads that require stable performance, are relatively independent of each other through logical isolation, but they usually share the performance of the entire underlying server. It may be difficult to compare dedicated physical servers in terms of performance. What is the difference between a cloud server and a physical server? Traditional physical server leasing is a standalone server with only one operating system installed directly on the server, dedicated to a single tenant. Tenants are based on physical isolation and have the highest security. The function of cloud server is similar to that of physical server.

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Xeon E5 dual-socket server
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What is the market prospect of customized servers?

Market Prospects of Customized Servers Diversified application scenarios have given rise to the market demand for customized servers, especially under the joint promotion of national policies and capital, the speed of digital transformation of enterprises has accelerated. In addition, with the rapid development of artificial intelligence, Internet of Things, 5G and other technologies, many new application scenarios have been born and landed quickly, thus promoting the rapid development of customized servers. Taking edge computing as an example, edge computing pushes computing from a centralized data center to the edge side. Traditional servers are gradually struggling to meet the load of specific scenarios. It is difficult for a one-size-fits-all general solution to penetrate into segmented applications. Standardized servers inevitably have limitations. According to IDC, the global edge computing market will increase from $10.6 billion in 2018 to $21 billion, with a compound annual growth rate of 14.2%. Therefore, the demand for server customization in the edge computing environment will become stronger and stronger. Server customization—a new driving force for the development of the server industry Server customization is a manifestation of further in-depth integration with industry applications. Through product customization, server customization, and solution customization, users can obtain better TCO, customized solutions more suitable for business scenarios, and better products. stability. With the rapid growth of demand for computing power in key industries represented by government, energy, Internet, education, transportation, etc., the demand for servers is constantly changing and increasing, and server customization is on a fast track.

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